Gernika-Lumo town



Guernica (Basque: Gernika) is a Basque town known for its Monday market day which has for decades been considered as a holiday in the town. Airborne bombing by the German Condor Legion in support of Spanish fascists in 1937 destroyed much of Guernica's old town, but several parts were spared and many were rebuilt. Today, Guernica is a thriving commercial town of 37,000 people (2018) with several museums. Because of its history, it has also become an important symbol of Basque culture and identity. Guernica is the traditional seat of the Basque people's liberties, where the juntas generales (the parliament), established in the 15th century, would assemble under the shadow of an oak tree in the town. The tree, commonly called "The Tree of Guernica" (Basque: Gernikako arbola), symbolises the Basque people's historic and traditional rights (Spanish: fueros), and is represented on both Guernica's and Vizcaya's coat of arms. The town was the site of the first airborne bombing attack on a civilian town during the Spanish civil war. The bombing, by the Condor Legion of Germany's Luftwaffe in 1937, inspired Picasso to paint the landmark cubist work Guernica, now on display at the Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid.

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Gernika-Lumo is it’s a stopover point on The Camino del Norte. You can reach Santiago de Compostela in 30 days.

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